CURLY HAIR – UNDERSTANDING THE TYPES
In our series on Hair Types we have already covered tips for maintaining straight and wavy hair. In this article we will discuss the third hair type i.e. curly hair; the curls are what every girl with straight hair wishes they could have. Ranging from loose and fluffy curls to defined and bouncy ringlets, these curls form perfect loops with tons of volume from root to end and are seriously every girl’s voluminous dream.
All curly hair has natural arcs and angles that expose openings in the cuticle layer, allowing natural moisture and nutrients to escape. Unlike straight hair, scalp oils can’t travel down the curly hair shaft, which leaves curls prone to dryness. That’s why curls crave nourishing, hydrating products. And different types of curls need different types of care to look their best.
Whether they’re softly spiralled or coiled and voluminous, curls are undeniably beautiful. But not all curly hair is the same. Every curl needs the regimen that treats it right because every texture behaves differently—and understanding the unique curl pattern is the first step to keeping the hair healthy and strong.
LOOSE CURL PATTERN & BEHAVIOR – Long, lithe, and lovely, the loose curl bends in gentle s-shaped curves. A wavy, relaxed “S” shape curl pattern. This curl type may be non-uniform—straighter at the crown, wavy in the middle, and drier on the ends, for example. Dehydration, damage, and heavy styling products can “straighten” out these curls. Loose curls need lightweight, curl-amplifying moisture and hold.
CLASSIC CURL PATTERN & BEHAVIOR – Timeless twists and springy spirals: The classic curl is always in style. A consistent and defined “S” shape curl pattern. This curl type tends to be uniform, with a coiling shape that extends from roots to ends. Thanks to their spiraled shape, which forces the cuticle open, these curls are vulnerable to dehydration that can leave them looking dull and frizzy. Classic curls need gentle care and balanced moisture.
TIGHT CURL PATTERN & BEHAVIOR – Corkscrew cool with a buoyant bounce: Tight curls are compactly coiled, making for brilliant movement and show-stopping volume. These tight ringlets tend to be finer and lighter in weight. Without proper moisture, the hair shaft tends to expand and can lose its shape, causing curls to appear dense and unmanageable. Full of spring and stretch, tight curls crave moisture and will drink up all they can get. Dehydrate the tight curl and it turns unruly, its pattern becoming irregular and expanding into frizz. Tight curls need deep hydration for maximum softness and strength.
COILY CURL PATTERN & BEHAVIOR – Bold, beautiful and naturally voluminous, coily curls are made up of thousands of z-shaped strands. The Z pattern is so tightly coiled that it can cause curls to shrink up to 75% of the hair’s actual length. Because this curl type is most often fine and delicate, it can be susceptible to breakage if not cared for properly. Coily curls need protective moisture. the tighter the coil, the more difficult it is for oil to travel and moisturize from the scalp and along the length of the strand. The coily curl strand is flat like a ribbon that twists, turns and zig-zags. This shape makes curls more fragile at every turning point, and less able to absorb moisture.
Now that we have distinguished between various type of curly hair, in our next segment we will discuss the tips to keep curls in top condition. So keep reading…