Hair is a very important subject for both men & women as also their self-esteem; it is the most noticeable part of our personality. For women, it is directly associated with beauty and for men youthfulness, virility and masculinity. It is an important part of appearance and sets the tone for entire look.

So, before we move forward, it is important to understand what the meaning of hair type is, and how one should determine their hair type. Hair type is a popular way of describing the curl pattern of our hair strands. To determine hair pattern, wash hair and leave it without a conditioner or a serum. Now observe how they look in a mirror. Or take a few strands from the comb and lay it on a white paper and observe the general pattern of how it curls or lays flat to get a fair idea about the hair type.

Our hair grows out of tiny pores in our scalp, they are called follicles and they have all of the mechanisms necessary to grow shiny and healthy hair. If one has flat or oval-shaped follicles, the hair will be very curly. Circular follicles will have straight hair. The reason for this is because narrow follicles force the hair to twist and curve. Large follicles allow hair to flow freely and assume its naturally straight position. The basic 4 hair types are namely:

  • Straight
  • Wavy
  • Curly
  • Coily 

These types of hair can further be placed in subcategories. The subcategories go more in-depth to the type of hair, what it looks like, how susceptible to damage it is and how easily it is to tame and style.

Type 1 – Straight hair that doesn’t curl. This hair type also has the most sheen, is the most resilient and is hard to damage. It is also immensely difficult to curl this type of hair because the scalp sebum spreads easily from the scalp to ends, making it the most oily type of hair and difficult to style.

  • 1a – Stick straight
  • 1b – Straight with more volume
  • 1c – Straight with body wave and a couple of visible S-waves, usually the neck or temples

Type 2 – Wavy hair that is in between straight and curly. The sheen is in between wavy and curly. Wavy hair is also more likely to become frizzy than straight hair. Certain types of wavy hair are easy to style, whereas others are more resistant to styling.

  • 2a – Loose, stretched S-waves
  • 2b – Shorter, more distinct S-waves
  • 2c – Distinct S-waves with some spiral curls

Type 3 – Curly hair that looks like the letter “S” or “Z.” This hair type is usually voluminous. It is highly climate-dependent and can become frizzy and get damaged easily. Proper care is required to maintain healthy, well-defined curls.

  • 3a – Big, loose spiral curls
  • 3b – Bouncy ringlets
  • 3c – Tight corkscrew curls

Type 4 is- Hair that is coiled very tightly. It is often fragile with a very high density. This type of hair shrinks when wet because it has fewer cuticle layers than other hair types. It is more susceptible to damage than other hair types.

  • 4a – Tightly coiled S-curls
  • 4b – Tightly coiled, Z pattern curls
  • 4c – Mostly Z-patterned, tightly kinked and less defined curls


A “good hair” day boosts our mood and self-confidence; a “bad hair” can put us in a downward funk. In our next article we will share some basic hair care regime, so keep reading….



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